HTML Notes

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HTML

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HTML Tags and Elements

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Attributes and Hyperlinks

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Headings and Lists

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Class and id attributes

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Semantic Elements

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Inline and Block-Level Elements

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Div and Span

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img

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Tables

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Forms

Heading

Q

1

Mention the HTML Tags used to display data in tabular form.

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Ans

The <table> tag defines a table in HTML. Each table row is defined as <tr> tag. Each header is defined with <th> tag. The data in each cell in table is defined by <td> tag. By default, text in <th> is bold and centered and text in <td> is regular and left aligned.

LRM_EXPORT_207556595493866_20190724_1939

Q

2

How can rows be made to Span many columns or rows in HTML?

LRM_EXPORT_207556595493866_20190724_1939

Ans

Cells may span in several rows and columns. This is done with the help of attributes “rowspan” and “colspan” of &<th> and <td> tag. Function of <colspan> is that it allows a single table cell to span the width of more than one cell or column. Function of <rowspan> is that it allows a single table cell to span the height of more than one cell or row.

Sometimes it makes sense for a cell to span multiple columns or multiple rows. This might be used for a header cell that titles a group of columns, or a side-bar that groups rows of entries. This is why these attributes are used and are a significant part of table in HTML.

Syntax- <Table>
<tr><td colspan= "add_number_ofcols"></td></tr>
<tr> <td rowspan= "add number of rows></td></tr>
</table>

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Q

3

Explain the use of caption Tag in HTML.

LRM_EXPORT_207556595493866_20190724_1939

Ans

The <caption> tag defines a table in HTML. The <caption> tag must be inserted immediately after the <table>tag.
Example of <caption> tag-
<table>
<caption>Registration record </caption>
<tr>
<th>Month</th> <th>Number of registration </th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>January</td><td>50</td>
</tr> </table>

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